The Independent Investigations Office of BC (IIO) is mandated to conduct investigations into officer-related incidents of death or serious harm in order to determine whether or not an officer may have committed an offence.

The IIO is established in the Ministry of the Attorney General and is under the command and direction of the Chief Civilian Director.  The Chief Civilian Director cannot ever have served as a police officer.

Investigative Operations

IIO Investigations consists of two general investigative teams and one specialized team, each of which is led by a Director.  At the present time, approximately half of IIO Investigators are former police officers.  Those without policing backgrounds have significant experience in other investigative agencies.  No IIO Investigator has been a police officer in BC within five years of their appointment.

The IIO specialized team consists of Investigators who specialize in forensic identification and collision analysis.  Forensic identification and collision analysis are provided through a peer review model, with local police services maintaining responsibility for collecting evidence at a scene while being monitored by the IIO.

Chief Civilian Director

Ronald J. MacDonald, QC

Ronald J. MacDonald, QC

Ronald J. MacDonald began his appointment as the Chief Civilian Director (CCD) of the Independent Investigations Office on October 24, 2017. He comes to British Columbia from Nova Scotia, where he held a similar role for the past six years as the first director of the Serious Incident Response Team (SiRT).

Ron has been practising law since 1985, and has spent his career working within the criminal justice system. He was defence counsel for six years and then worked for 17 years as a Crown Attorney. He also spent three years as the criminal law policy advisor for Nova Scotia’s Department of Justice. He has further demonstrated his commitment to the previous communities he has lived in by coaching a variety of sports, chairing boards, and working at the 2010 Winter Olympics.  He also helped create the first Sexual Assault Response Team in his hometown of Antigonish, Nova Scotia.

Ron was the president of the Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society (2005-06) and president of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada (2010-11). 

In 2007 Ron was awarded the National Heads of Prosecutions Humanitarian Award in recognition of his professional and community efforts. He also received the Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society’s Distinguished Service Award in 2015, and in the same year was named a member of the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie’s Bertha Wilson Society.

Ron takes this role over from Bert Phipps who was appointed the interim CCD on Sept 8, 2016.


Organization Chart